Frequently logistical considerations are paramount in a location decision. Transportation of raw materials and other input products combined with the ability to deliver product to customers in the most cost effective means possible have been easily solved with the application of GIS technologies.
Complicated logistical issues for warehouse and distribution facilities that consider volumes of goods from multiple sources into and out of a warehouse facility can be modeled to identify location on a national or international basis that will minimize total transportation costs. Logistical analysis can be a simple as a count of the volume of goods being delivered from multiple locations to a single warehouse or from a warehouse to multiple customer sites. It can be as complicated as consideration of partial and full load transportation and various options a variable as trucking, air freight, water, or rail to identify the most cost effective mix of transportation options available.
It has been our experience that a preliminary logistics analysis to identify candidate communities should be accomplished early in a site selection process. This preliminary analysis can then be followed by a fully detailed cost analysis once multiple finalist sites have been identified to have cost figures for logistics to enter into the entire cost of doing business equations for each site.